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  • Delhi (/ˈdÉ›li/Hindustani pronunciation: [d̪ɪlliː] Dilli ), also known as the National Capital Territory of India is the capital territory ofIndia.[3] Such is the nature of urban expansion in Delhi that its growth has expanded beyond the NCT to incorporate towns in neighbouring states and at its largest extent can count a population of about 25 million residents as of 2014,[4] and is the largest urban agglomeration in India by land area and population. It is also the 4th most populous city on the planet.[2][5] The NCT and its urban region have been given the special status of National Capital Region (NCR) under the Constitution of India's 69th amendment act of 1991. The NCR includes the neighbouring cities of GurgaonNoidaGhaziabadFaridabadNeharpar (Greater Faridabad), Greater NoidaSonepatPanipatKarnalRohtakBhiwaniRewariBaghpatMeerutAlwarBharatpur and other nearby towns.

    union territory, the political administration of the NCT of Delhi today more closely resembles that of a state of India, with its own legislature, high court and an executive council of ministers headed by a Chief Minister. New Delhi is jointly administered by the federal government of India and the local government of Delhi, and is the capital of the NCT of Delhi.

  • Air[edit]

    Indira Gandhi International Airport, situated to the southwest of Delhi, is the main gateway for the city's domestic and international civilian air traffic. In 2012-13, the airport was used by more than 35 million passengers,[115][116] making it one of the busiest airports in South Asia. Terminal 3, which cost \"\\"\\\\"\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"INR\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\"\\\\"\\"\"96.8 billion (US$1.6 billion) to construct between 2007 and 2010, handles an additional 37 million passengers annually.[117]

    The Delhi Flying Club, established in 1928 with two de Havilland Moth aircraft named Delhi and Roshanara, was based at Safdarjung Airportwhich started operations in 1929, when it was the Delhi's only airport and the second in India.[118] The airport functioned until 2001, however in January 2002 the government closed the airport for flying activities because of security concerns following the New York attacks in September 2001. Since then, the club only carries out aircraft maintenance courses,[118] and is used for helicopter rides to Indira Gandhi International Airport for VIP including the president and the prime minister.[119]

    A second airport open for commercial flights has been suggested, by expansion of Meerut Airport or construction of a new airport in Greater Noida.[120]


    Delhi has the highest road density of 2103 km/100 sq. km in India.

    Buses are the most popular means of road transport catering to about 60% of Delhi's total demand. Delhi has one of India's largest bus transport systems. Buses are operated by the state-owned Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC), which owns largest fleet of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)-fueled buses in the world. Personal vehicles especially cars also form a major chunk of vehicles plying on Delhi roads. Delhi has the highest number of registered cars compared to any other metropolitan city in India. Taxis, Auto Rickshaws and Cycle Rickshaws also ply on Delhi roads in large numbers.

    Important Roads in Delhi

    Some roads and expressways serve as important pillars of Delhi’s road infrastructure:

    * Inner Ring Road is one of the most important "state highways" in Delhi. It is a 51 km long circular road, which connects important areas in Delhi. Owing to more than 2 dozen grade-separators/flyovers, the road is almost signal-free.
    * Outer Ring Road is another major artery in Delhi that links far-flung areas of Delhi.
    * The Delhi Noida Direct Flyway (DND Flyway) is an eight-laned access controlled tolled expressway which connects Delhi to Noida (an important satellite city of Uttar Pradesh). The acronym DND stands for "Delhi-Noida Direct".
    * 'The Delhi Gurgaon Expressway is a 28 km (17 mi) expressway connecting Delhi to Gurgaon, an important satellite city of Haryana.
    * The Delhi Faridabad Skyway is controlled tolled expressway which connects Delhi to Faridabad, an important satellite city of Haryana.

    National Highways Passing Through Delhi

    Delhi is connected by Road to various parts of the country through several National highways:

    * National Highway 1 (India) or (NH 1) is a National Highway in Northern India that links the National capital New Delhi to the town of Attari in Punjab near the Indo-Pakistani border.
    * National Highway 2 (India) (NH 2), commonly referred as Delhi-Kolkata Road is a busy Indian National Highway that runs through the states of Delhi, HaryanaUttar PradeshBiharJharkhand, and West Bengal.
    * National Highway 8 (India) (NH 8), is a National Highway in India that connects the Indian capital city of New Delhi with the Indian Financial capital city of Mumbai.
    * National Highway 10 (India) (NH 10) is a National Highway in northern India that originates at Delhi and ends at the town of Fazilka inPunjab near the Indo-Pakistani border.
    * National Highway 24 (India) (NH 24) is a National Highway in India that connects the National capital Delhi to Uttar Pradesh state capital Lucknow running 438 kilometers in length.


    Delhi is a major junction in the Indian railway network and is the headquarters of the Northern Railway. The five main railway stations are New Delhi railway stationOld Delhi,Nizamuddin Railway StationAnand Vihar Railway Terminal and Sarai Rohilla.[121] The Delhi Metro, a mass rapid transit system built and operated by Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC), serves many parts of Delhi and the neighbouring cities GurgaonNoida and Ghaziabad. As of August 2011, the metro consists of six operational lines with a total length of 189 km (117 mi) and 146 stations, and several other lines are under construction.[122] The Phase-I was built at a cost of US$2.3 billion and the Phase-II was expected to cost an additional \"\\"\\\\"\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"INR\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\"\\\\"\\"\"216 billion (US$3.5 billion).[123] Phase-II has a total length of 128 km and was completed by 2010.[124] Delhi Metro completed 10 years of operation on 25 December 2012. It carries millions of passengers every day.[125] In addition to the Delhi Metro, a suburban railway, the Delhi Suburban Railway exists.[126]


    The Delhi Metro is a rapid transit system serving Delhi, GurgaonFaridabadNoida, and Ghaziabad in the National Capital Region of India. Delhi Metro is the world's 13th largest metro system in terms of length. Delhi Metro was India's first modern public transportation system, which has revolutionised travel by providing a fast, reliable, safe, and comfortable means of transport. The network consists of six lines with a total length of 189.63 kilometres (117.83 miles) with 142 stations, of which 35 are underground, five are at-grade, and the remainder are elevated. All stations have escalators, elevators, and tactile tiles to guide the visually impaired from station entrances to trains. It has a combination of elevated, at-grade, and underground lines, and uses both broad gauge and standard gauge rolling stock. Four types of rolling stock are used: Mitsubishi-ROTEM Broad gauge, Bombardier MOVIA, Mitsubishi-ROTEM Standard gauge, and CAF Beasain Standard gauge. The Phase-I of Delhi Metro was built at a cost of US$2.3 billion and the Phase-II was expected to cost an additional \"\\"\\\\"\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"INR\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\"\\\\"\\"\"216 billion (US$3.5 billion).[123] Phase-II has a total length of 128 km and was completed by 2010.[124] Delhi Metro completed 10 years of operation on 25 December 2012. It carries millions of passengers every day.[125] In addition to the Delhi Metro, a suburban railway, the Delhi Suburban Railwayexists.[126]

    Delhi Metro is being built and operated by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited (DMRC), a state-owned company with equal equity participation from Government of India and Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi. However, the organisation is under administrative control of Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India. Besides construction and operation of Delhi metro, DMRC is also involved in the planning and implementation of metro rail, monorail and high-speed rail projects in India and providing consultancy services to other metro projects in the country as well as abroad. The Delhi Metro project was spearheaded by Padma Vibhushan E. Sreedharan, the Managing Director of DMRC and popularly known as the "Metro Man" of India. He famously resigned from DMRC, taking moral responsibility for a metro bridge collapse which took five lives. Sreedharan was awarded with the prestigious Legion of Honour by the French Government for his contribution to Delhi Metro.

    Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS)[edit]

    The 08 RRTS Corridors have been proposed by National Capital Region Planning Board (NCRPB) to facilitate the people travelling from nearby cities in NCR to Delhi. The three main corridors in first phase are as follows which are expected to become operational before 2019:

      * Delhi - Alwar via Gurgaon
      * Delhi - Panipat via Sonepat
      * Delhi - Meerut via Ghaziabad

    Remaining five corridors are also approved by National Capital Region Planning Board but are planned in the second phase.

    To make the project operational NCRPB has formed a separate body named as "National Capital Region Transport Corporation on the lines of DMRC to independently formalise and monitor its progress.

  • Delhi has hosted many major international sporting events, including the first and also the ninth Asian Games,[189] the 2010 Hockey World Cup, the 2010 Commonwealth Gamesand the 2011 Cricket World Cup. Delhi lost bidding for the 2014 Asian Games,[190] and considered making a bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics.[191] However, sports ministerManohar Singh Gill later stated that funding infrastructure would come before a 2020 bid.[192] There are indications of a possible 2028 bid.

    The 2010 Commonwealth Games, which ran from 3 to 14 October 2010, was one of the largest sports event held in India.[193][194] The opening ceremony of the 2010 Commonwealth Games was held at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, the main stadium of the event, in New Delhi at 7:00 pm Indian Standard Time on 3 October 2010.[195] The ceremony featured over 8,000 performers and lasted for two and a half hours.[196] It is estimated that \"\\"\\\\"\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"INR\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\"\\\\"\\"\"3.5 billion (US$57 million) were spent to produce the ceremony.[197] Events took place at 12 competition venues. 20 training venues were used in the Games, including seven venues within Delhi University.[198] The rugby stadium in Delhi University North Campus hosted rugby games for Commonwealth Games.[198][199] The mess left behind after the Commonwealth Games prompted Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to replace Sports and Youth Affairs minister Manohar Singh Gill with Ajay Maken in 19 January 2011 Cabinet reshuffle.[200]

    Cricket and football are the most popular sports in Delhi.[201] There are several cricket grounds, or maidans, located across the city. The Feroz Shah Kotla Ground (known commonly as the Kotla) is one of the oldest cricket grounds in India and is a venue for international cricket matches. It is the home ground of the Delhi cricket team, which represents the city in the Ranji Trophy, the premier Indian domestic first-class cricket championship.[202] The Delhi cricket team has produced several world-class international cricketers such as Virender SehwagGautam GambhirVirat KohliMadan LalChetan Chauhan and Bishan Singh Bedi to name a few. The Railways and Services cricket teams in the Ranji Trophy also play their home matches in Delhi, in the Karnail Singh Stadium and the Harbax Singh Stadium respectively. The city is also home to the Indian Premier League team Delhi Daredevils, who play their home matches at the Kotla, and was the home to the Delhi Giants team (previously Delhi Jets) of the now defunct Indian Cricket League.

    Ambedkar Stadium, a football stadium in Delhi which holds 21,000 people, was the venue for the Indian football team's World Cup qualifier against UAE on 28 July 2012.[203]Delhi hosted the Nehru Cup in 2007[204] and 2009, in both of which India defeated Syria 1–0.[205] In the Elite Football League of India, Delhi's first professional American footballfranchise, the Delhi Defenders played its first season in Pune.[206] Buddh International Circuit in Greater Noida, a suburb of Delhi, hosts the annual Formula 1 Indian Grand Prix.[207] The Indira Gandhi Arena is also in Delhi.

    Delhi is a member of the Asian Network of Major Cities 21.

  • There are a number of legends associated with the origin of the name Delhi. One is that it is derived from Dhillu or Dilu, a king who built a city at this location in 50 BC and named it after himself.[7][15][16] Another legend holds that the name of the city is based on the Hindi/Prakrit word dhili (loose) and that it was used by the Tomaras to refer to the city because the Iron Pillar of Delhi had a weak foundation and had to be moved.[16] The coins in circulation in the region under the Tomaras were called dehliwal.[17]According to the Bhavishya Purana, King Prithiviraja,of Indraprastha built a new fort in the modern-day Purana Qila area for the convenience of all four castes in his kingdom. He ordered the construction of a gateway to the fort and later named the fortdehali.[18] Some historians believe that the name is derived from Dilli, a corruption of dehleez or dehali—both terms meaning 'threshold' or 'gateway'—and symbolic of the city as a gateway to the Gangetic Plain.[19][20] Another theory suggests that the city's original name was Dhillika.[21]

    The people of Delhi are referred to as or Delhiites.[22] The city is referenced in various idioms of the Northern Indo-Aryan languages. Examples include:

    * Abhi Dilli door hai or its Persian version, Hanouz Dehli dour ast, literally meaning Delhi is still far away, which is generically said about a task or journey still far from completion.[23][24]
    * Dilli dilwalon ka shehr or Dilli Dilwalon ki meaning Delhi belongs to the large-hearted/daring.[25]
    * Aas-paas barse, Dilli pani tarse, literally meaning it pours all around, while Delhi lies parched. An allusion to the sometimes semi-arid climate of Delhi, it idiomatically refers to situations of deprivation when one is surrounded by plenty.[24]
  • Cuisine[edit]

    Main article: Indian cuisine


    Rice and Karai chicken from Delhi

    As India's national capital and centuries old Mughal capital, Delhi influenced the food habits of its residents and is where Mughlai cuisineoriginated. Along with Indian cuisine, a variety of international cuisines are popular among the residents.[171] The dearth of food habits among the city's residents created a unique style of cooking which became popular throughout the world, with dishes such as Kebab,biryanitandoori. The city's classic dishes include Butter chickenAloo Chaatchaatdahi vadakachori,chole bhature, Chole kulche, jalebiand lassi.[171][172]:40–50, 189–196

    The fast living habits of Delhi's people has motivated the growth of street food outlets.[172]:41 A trend of dining at local dhabas is popular among the residents. High profile restaurants have gained popularity in recent years, among the popular restaurants are the Karim Hotel, the Punjab Grill and Bukhara.[173] The Gali Paranthe Wali (the street of fried bread) is a street in Chandni Chowk particularly for food eateries since the 1870s. Almost the entire street is occupied by fast food stalls or street vendors. It has nearly become a tradition that almost every prime minister of India has visited the street to eat paratha at least once. However, other Indian cuisines are also available in this area but this street specializes in north Indian food .[172]:40–50[174]

  • World Heritage status[edit]

    In February 2014, Government of India approved Delhi's bid for World Heritage City status. The historical city of Shahjahanabad and Lutyens’ Bungalow Zone in New Delhi have been cited in the bid. A team from UNESCO is scheduled to visit Delhi in September, 2014 to validate its claims. Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) has acted as the nodal agency for the bid.

    The announcement of accepted cities will be made in June, 2015.

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